In 2018, the world of cybersecurity saw a fare share of regulations implemented to stop cyber attackers and breaches, however that did not prove to be a silver bullet. India had to face the brunt of quite a few massive breaches. Here is a list of the top security breaches that impacted the country in 2018.
Right at the start of the year, one of India’s most controversial projects came under the radar of hackers. It was alleged that nearly 1.1 billion records of citizens were compromised and it got through the security and biometric systems as well. This allegedly led to unapproved Aadhaar numbers that gave access to unauthorised users. Information such as names, addresses, photos, phone numbers and email addresses was allegedly at risk. UIDAI, however, has claimed that the allegations were not true.
In early December 2018, knowledge-sharing platform Quora disclosed that a malicious third party gained access to its systems and stolen user data. Quora suspected that the compromised data includes names, email IDs and encrypted passwords, contacts and other demographic information.
India with 20.89 percent of Quora's user database ranks second only after the US. As of February 2018, there were an estimated 880,000 Quora users based in India. Quora claimed to have surpassed 200 million monthly users as of June 2017.
Google fell prey to breaches multiple times in the last year. The search engine had identified a bug that could have shared data of nearly 500,000 Google+ users from 2015 till March 2018. There were also rumours that company tried to keep it under wraps and fixed it silently.
In December 2018, Facebook reported in a blog post that a software bug could have put photos posted and shared by nearly 6.8 million users at risk. This leak compromised identities, gender, geographical locations of the users whose profiles were compromised. This attack was believed to be due to attackers misusing Facebook’s APIs to fetch user information. Facebook had released tools for app developers allowing them to identify apps that have been affected by the bug and rectify the mistake.